Albanien und die Umwelt: Ein Langzeit Skandal :: Abfall Ensorgung im Fluss als Tradition

Posted on Dezember 25, 2014 von


Albanien hat mit dem letzten Umwelt Minister einen Langzeit Profi Gangster: Fatmir Mediu, 140 Millionen € von der EU erhalten, wie der EU Botschafter mitteilte. Heute ist der Umwelt Minister: Lefter Koka, wikileaks: perhaps most criminal of Albania.

Bei Elbasan ebenso einem Umwelt Hot Spot seit Jahren, wird Industrie Abfall direkt in den Fluss Shkumbi gekippt, wobei Elbasan, Berat, Fiere Langzeit von Verbrecher Clans beherrscht wird, wie auch Durres, oder Vlore.

Jetzt kam noch Geld Erpressung gegen Firmen dazu, vor allem auch ausl. Firmen im Raum Durres, was zum normalen Modell der Anarchie Bande wurde. Die Verantwortlichen für den Bezirk Durres, des Lefter Koka wie Genc Balla und Eduart Bejko wurden verhaftet. Einige Dinge wurde versucht in Albanien in Ordnung zubringen, da in 20 Jahren die Umwelt Minister nicht einmal die einfachsten Gesetze, auch der Fischerei, Umwelt, Forst und Jagd Behörden implementiert hatten.

Ein Original Langzeit Korruptions System des Ilir Meta, besser als Skrapari Bande bekannt, der mit seiner Partei und Lefter Koka, wie Spartak Braho* , auch als “Frankenstein der Albanischen Politik” bekannt ist.

Welt Rekord der Dummheit und Korruption ist die Rodung der Lehm Berge in der Currila bei Durres, auch mit schweren Baumaschinen.

Wertvollste Erde, mit Bewuchs als Schutz, wird abgetragen und mit LKW entsorgt. Welt Premiere der Idiotie an einem Lehm Hang. Durch die Rodung ist der Hang, der “Spritz Erosion” Schutzlos ausgeliefert.

Digital Camera

Film vor der Zerstörung, das der Hang überwiegend mit Gras nun Sträuchern bewachsen war, was besonders wichtig ist um die Spritz Erosion bei Regen entscheidend zumildern.

Die selben Umgebung: Erosion ohne Ende, durch illegale Lokale und die Lehm Berge. Langzeit Projekt krimineller Idioten in Tirana und Durres.  Lefter Koka und Durres: Ein Langzeit Zerstörungs Ort der Anarchie der Durres und Tirana Politik Mafia.

Albanien und Umwelt Schutz: ein Langzeit Mysterium, prominenter Mafia Minister und uralt Kommunisten

25 Dec 14

Toxic Mountain Shames Albania’s ‘Green’ Government

It came to power pledging to end trash imports – but the government of Prime Minister Edi Rama seems to be doing little to stop a company from piling up hazardous imported junk near Elbasan.

Altin Raxhimi


Kurum’s waste dump in the village of Bradashesh, Elbasan (left) and Prime Minister Edi Rama snapping a picture (right) | Photos by: Altin Raxhimi and LSA Photo Agency

A mountain of pitch-black sponge piles upbeside the water of the River Shkumbin, just off the village of Bradashesh, in what looks like Albania’s biggest overlooked ecological disaster.

The giant accumulation of sponge and plastic – mainly from imported scrap cars that a steel-making factory has dispensed with as unusable – is a result of a government decision to declassify such imports as waste.

The pile of garbage, which is 200 metres wide and about 20 high, calls into question the environmental commitments undertaken by the centre-left government of Prime Minister Edi Rama.

Rama came to power pledging to ban waste imports. However, his cabinet has not stopped thousands of tons of what the government itself described as hazardous waste from piling up in the country every year.

Kurum Holding, a Turkish company that melts steel in central Albania and which is responsible for the pile by the Shkumbin, is by far the largest importer of waste.

The company brings in hundreds of tons of scrap metal each year. At least 10,000 tons of this scrap is waste that its smelter cannot use.

The government admits that this waste is toxic and poses a threat to the environment.

“It is possibly the largest environmental issue in Albania,” a senior government official who spoke on condition of anonymity told BIRN.

But while the government claims it has ordered Kurum to dispose of the hazardous waste properly, or export it from Albania, Kurum plans to use it at another site inside the country.

The import of waste is theoretically illegal under Albania’s Law on Integrated Waste Management, which was amended in September 2013.

However, Kurum has been allowed to import scrap metal as raw material since 2012, after the government declassified scrap metal from list of the waste items.

Albania had enforced a total ban on imported waste, but in 2011 the centre-right government of Sali Berisha decided to allow some back in, and regulate it.

In November 2011, it approved a bill allowing some waste to be imported as long as it conformed to a so-called “green list” of 55 materials.

The government argued that Albania’s nascent recycling industry could not survive on the proceeds of domestic waste alone.

The concession drew fury from environmentalists and other civil society activists who insisted that Albania had no capacity to process this hazardous material.

They collected more than 64,000 signatures, seeking a referendum on two articles of the law that allowed waste imports into Albania.

Kurum Holding has been active in Albania since 1997 and is a major regional supplier of steel bars for the construction industry.

In recent years, it has expanded its Albanian businesses into maritime port administration, media and hydropower.

With 700 workers at the plant, it is a major employer in Elbasan, a city of 120,000, whose unemployment rate skyrocketed when state-run industries collapsed two decades ago.

The dump is on the site of a gigantic metallurgical plant that Albania built in the 1970s with the help of Mao’s China.

Economic collapse has turned the plant site into a dystopia of failed experiments and ecological disaster.

The signatures were certified by the Electoral Commission, which requires 50,000 signatures for a referendum to go ahead, and the legality of the request was approved by the Constitutional Court.

President Bujar Nishani then set December 22, 2013 as the day for a referendum on trash imports.

However, before the referendum could take place, Berisha lost power to Rama’s Socialist-led coalition in the June 2013 elections.

The new government under Rama, who had campaigned against waste imports while in opposition, re-imposed a total ban in its first cabinet meeting.

However, before the ban re-entered into force, Kurum, which is responsible for nine-tenths of all scrap imports in Albania, had persuaded the Berisha government to allow it to import scrap – and not regard it as waste.

Kurum signed an agreement with the government to import 600,000 tons of scrap annually as “a raw material”, not waste.

The ban re-imposed by the current government has meanwhile so far only targeted a number of small and medium-sized recycling companies.

These imported limited amounts of waste paper and plastic, mainly due to the scarcity of the local supply.

Vullnet Haka, head of Albania’s recyclers associations, who coordinated the business sector’s response to the import ban, said Kurum had received special treatment because it was much bigger than the plastic or paper importers.

“They were a stronger lobby, and the steel was a stronger lobby in Europe too,” he said.

“There too, the declassification happened first with steel. And they did it quick,” Haka added

He said the current licensing regime smacked of unfairness.

Albania has imported 240,000 tons of scrap metal since a government decision in 2011, according to UN data.

Between 2009 and 2013, the total imports of scrap metal amounted to 805,000 tons.

Over half of this came from Serbia, a quarter from Macedonia, while the rest came chiefly from Bulgaria and Russia. Most of it has been brought into the country by Kurum.

However, a sizable percentage of Kurum’s scrap imports comprises material for which the smelter has no use and which for at least two years has built up in a deposit at its plant outside the city of Elbasan.

The dump in Bradashesh was first documented by Albanian ecologist Fatbardh Sallaku and the American earth scientist Ryan Perroy.

Worker on top of waste hill in Bradashesh, Elbasan | Photo by: Altin Raxhimi

They published a video of the dump on YouTube in 2012, which Perroy said showed trucks from Kurum dumping slag on the site.

In an email sent in January 2013 to an Albanian environmental activist, Perroy recalled what he had witnessed.

“Last July (7/13), while I was collecting samples along the Shkumbini, near the metallurgy complex, three dump truck loads of slag material from Kurum were dumped directly into the Shkumbini River over the course of the 20 minutes I was there,” he wrote.

“I can only imagine that this type of activity would increase as their output increases, unless there is some real pressure from the people/govt/EU? to stop it,” he added.

Kurum tries to keep activists and reporters away from the dump. Ahmet Mehmeti, an environmental activist in Elbasan, told Birn that guards pushed him away last spring when he visited the site.

Satellite pictures taken by Google Earth suggest the area of the dump covered by waste has grown exponentially since 2011.

A former official of the Berisha government told BIRN that the company had admitted that 10 per cent of this was not treatable, and was thus waste by any criteria, some of which was made up of heavy metals.

Current government officials admit that Kurum has failed to find a suitable solution for the non-treatable waste it generates, and that it has been dumping it for years on the banks of the Shkumbin.

“The company told us it had 10,000 to 15,000 tons of heavy metal waste that it said it had deposited near its factory,” said a senior Environment Ministry specialist – until recently in charge of the waste.

“It said that it was storing it in a safer area, but that it has not already done so,” the specialist added.

The office of Prime Minister Rama said in a written response to BIRN that Kurum’s imports of scrap metal were legal and met EU criteria.

It confirmedthat the “toxic waste” that has accumulated at the plant was a byproduct of the treatment of scrap, adding that Kurum should tread carefully with the waste it produces as a byproduct because it is hazardous.

“The company has been ordered to package, label and warehouse this waste properly as hazardous waste. In no way can it be dumped in existing dump sites,” the government said.

“In the absence of the ability to treat such waste in the Kurum plant, the only alternative is to export outside Albania,” it added.

However, Kurum seems to have no intention of sending the hazardous waste outside the country.

When queried by BIRN, the Turkish company said it was planning to use the waste at another site in Albania.

“Some of the waste is given to road building companies,” a company spokesperson told BIRN, adding that it plans to use the rest to level an area near the port of Durres, which it has rented to use as a logistics park.

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Posted in: Allgemeines