Friday, September 24, 2010
I’ve written previously about Kosovo Albanian efforts to push the UN from its peacekeeping role in the north. The verbal attacks are escalating and turning ad hominem. The UNMIK press update for September 24 carries several articles from the Pristina press attacking the work of the UN in the north – including noting that UN officers working there are Russians or other Slavs who have good relations with local Serbs. The press, and quoted comments from Pristina authorities, continue the line that the UN’s job in Kosovo ended with the UDI and that the UN office in north Mitrovica (UAM) is an obstacle to incorporating the north.
The Kosovo government now has a 25 page paper outlining its case against UAM. The report – apparently written by two grad students who worked in Kosovo for the summer and may have been paid by the EU – describes UAM as one of the “principal obstacles of North-South integration in Kosovo and of cooperation in … Mitrovica.
“US recognition of severed Kosovo province was a serious mistake, leading to an escalation of tensions, instead of calming down the situation in the Balkans … consensus boils down to the fact that nobody knows where Kosovo is” (John Bolton)
“The recognition of Kosovo was premature and conditioned by great pressure from the former American administration”… “Today, we can see that two-thirds of the international community does not recognize Kosovo … this shows that we are talking about a grave mistake” (Gerhard Schröder)
Two years has gone since Kosovo Albanians declared their independence from Serbia. However calling to Kosovo needs country code 381 – which is Serbia – or by GSM 377 44 (via Monaco Telecom) or others via Serbian operators. This because as at this time, Abkhazia, Kosovo, Transnistria, Somaliland, South Ossetia and others are not in the ISO 3166-1 standard due the absence of recognition by the United Nations. Situation is one minor example about Kosovo “statehood”. Besides formalities – like that the province is administrated as international protectorate by foreign powers – the on the ground status is more complicated and even going more far away from drawing board ideals of Washington and Brussels.
Those who supported Kosovo independence said that Kosovo was unique case and not precedent thousands of ethnic or separatist movements around the world made other conclusion – Abkhasia and South Ossetia came first from the “Pandora box” which Kosovo opened. To limit the degree of damage it is time to restore international forums and law.
From legal aspect the Nato bombings and later orchestrated unilateral declaration of independence (UDI) of Kosovo Albanians were against international law and violation of the UN Charter, Helsinki Accords and a series of UN resolutions including the governing UNSC resolution #1244. Officially Kosovo is international protectorate administrated by UN Kosovo mission. Now the case (UDI) is in International Court of Justice and its statement is expected Mid 2010. (More “UN is sending Kosovo case to ICJ”).